There are more non-Madhesis than Madhesis who get citizenship on the basis of birth.

When I argued in the Hon’ble Supreme Court on 17 March , 2019, to grant citizenship as per the circular of the Ministry of Home Affairs as per Article 11 (3) of the Constitution, I had given such written information about the certificate of citizenship issued by the Home Ministry official till that date.

Total citizenship certificates distributed up to that date: 221.58 million
Descendants in this – 2 crore 15 lakh 41 thousand 419
Birth certificate – 1 lakh 90 thousand 726
Married adopted – 4 lakh 12 thousand 907
Adopted children of Janmasiddha – 4 thousand 770
Adoption of foreign nationals – 8 thousand 164
Nepali mother adopts child of foreign father – 153

Citizenship by birth is highest in Jhapa, Morang and Sunsari respectively.
According to the data of the Ministry of Home Affairs, according to the Citizenship Act 2063, the total number of Nepali citizenship granted on the basis of birth is 1,90,726, while some have 2.6 million and some 5.3 million. On the basis of this Act, citizenship has been granted in 70,740 (Jhapa 26,430, Morang 22,743 and Sunsari 21,567) in three districts only, while in 8 districts of Province No. 2, a total of 64,039 (Parsa 15,017 Dhanusha) 13,801 Sarlahi 11, 897 Bara 11,144 Mahottari 6,598 Saptari 5,794 Siraha 5,346 Rautahat 4,352).According to the data of the Ministry of Home Affairs, 15,029 citizenships have been granted in Rupandehi district after Jhapa, Morang and Sunsari. Apart from this, in other districts of Nepal, 40,918 citizenship has been granted on the basis of birth as per Nepal Citizenship Act 2063.

By : Advocate Aanand Gupta

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